Vanilla! An extraordinary spice, the queen of spices,...


Introduced in Madagascar during the 19th century by Pierre Poivre, Clove cultivation has really started in the early 20th century to be further developped later on most of the east coast of Madagascar from the area of Vangaindrano (Atsimo-...

Essentials oils

Madagascar is one of the major producers of Essential Oil in Africa. The qualities of its spices  are recognized by professionals in the world.

Other spices

Madagascar produces a variety of spices, including gastronomic qualities are demonstrated. Malagasy people do not use spices as much as Asian in its dishes. Only a...



Madagascar / Sambava: Broken clouds

Madagascar exports 1000T to 1500T average of vanilla per year. In bad years, however, this amount can drop to only 600T.

Madagascar is the second Cloves producer in the world, with an annual average production of 12000t.

Madagascar  is one of the major producers of Essential Oil in Africa. The quality of spices are recognized by all professionals in the World

TRIMETA AGRO FOOD  exports also Black Pepper, Cinnamon stick and Pink Pepper

Trimeta Agro Food

TRIMETA GROUP, which is headquartered in Tanjombato, Antananarivo, Madagascar, was created by Mr. HG Hiridjee in 1964. Then headed by Mr. Ykbal HIRIDJEE since 1990.

It works in various economic sectors of Madagascar, especially:
- The Plastics Industry (ENDUMA, SACOPLAST)
- The hotel industry (Anosy Motel - INFINITHE)

Trimeta Agro Food, a subsidiary of TRIMETA GROUP is a Malagasy company, founded in 1990, under the name VANILLE MAD, and employs nearly 700 people at its sites in Sambava, Tamatave and Antananarivo.

Mainly based in Madagascar, Trimeta Agro Food’s activities consist of collecting,curing, packing and export of spices and Malagasy agricultural products  across the World in accordance with current international regulations and standards.

It mainly deals with vanilla, cloves, pepper and pink pepper.

However, its activity also includes other references such as essential oils and cinnamon.

Our products are intended exclusively for the food industry and cosmetics

Trimeta Agro Food products are conforming to highest quality standards. We have the knowledge, experience and the competence since 40 years.Because of the taste and aroma which we have used to our customers, demand for our products is steadily rising. Our highly advanced production technology assures high quality products.

We have a quality control process from cultivation to shipping of our products. High performance tools are used to monitor each stage right from harvesting to collection, sorting and finally packaging. Our main target is to give the best and to satisfy the customer’s inquiries.

Through its different production sites, Trimeta Agro Food collaborates with farmers groups and many local collectors in the purchase and preparation of products.

Exports are mainly going to the United States, Europe and some Asian countries such as Indonesia, India, Singapore and Japan.

Through its export business, Trimeta Agro Food is proud of being able to offer high quality agricultural products, to the International market, from natural and organic agriculture.

Over time, Trimeta Agro Food has built a relationship based on trust and confidence with local partners, as well as International food groups.

The target is always to offer high quality products with the assurance of the taste and aroma for the consumers, and also contributing to the development of Madagascar, creating jobs and wealth, and privileging the quality of the products the flavors manufacturers.

Products distribution is done mostly through our subsidiaries around the world, including VANILLA CORPORATION OF AMERICA in Philadelphia (USA), TRIMETA ASIA in Singapore and TRIMETA INDIA in Bangalore (India)

The first producer of Vanilla beans

Madagascar is an island located in the southern hemisphere, in the western part of the Indian Ocean, separated from Africa by the Mozambique Channel of 415km. It is the fifth largest island in the world in area (592,040 km2).

The largest island stretches 1580km from north to south, and is wide from 500 to 575km from east to west. The Tropic of Capricorn passes through the south of the island.


It consists of several mountain ranges as a backbone from north to south. The summit is located in the north, in the Massif Tsaratanana, reaching an altitude of 2876m (Maromokotra), while the second peak, Andringitra, 2658m (Boby peak), is located in the southern part. In the center, Ankaratra rises to 2642m (Tsiafajavona, literally "the cloud does never leave")

The Highlands, between 1000 and 1500m average altitude are most large part of the island. The east coast is distinguished from Highlands by a series of steep cliffs, to no longer be a narrow coastal plain towards the sea. The westward transfer is slower, through wide grassy peneplains and alluvial plains along the major rivers of the island.


Madagascar has five distinct climate zones:

  1. To the north and northwest (Sambirano), the area has equatorial climate. The region suffers heavy annual rainfall due to monsoon between December and April.
  2. On the east coast, we have a wet climate. It is constantly exposed to the Alizé (trade winds) and regularly suffers devastating tropical cyclones between January and March. On the north, annual rainfall may exceed 4000mm. Dense vegetation primary forest.
  3. The vast western region of Madagascar is less rainy than the previous one and is characterized by two distinct seasons: the rainy season from November to April and the dry season from May to October. Landscape: Grassland and gallery forests. Temperatures range from 10 to 37 ° C.
  4. In the center of the island, the Highlands are at an altitude that varies between 1 200 and 1 500 m. The climate can be likened to a subtropical climate with dominant summer rainfall, with annual average temperatures of 21 ° C.
  5. The extreme south of the Big Island (south of the Tropic of Capricorn) is very dry and the rains are rare. The temperature range is very high ranging from 6 ° C to 40 ° C. The climate is semi-desert kind.

There are also microclimates that may differ from those areas that concern them.


Madagascar is a Unitary State, a Republic (REPOBLIKAN'I MADAGASIKARA); the capital Antananarivo, located in the central part of the island, at more than 1400m altitude.

The division of the country into 22 regions was adopted to replace the six former provinces in 2003. Each Region includes two or more districts. Several municipalities make up each district. The Malagasy is the official language. French is a language of communication in administration and trade.


Madagascar had more than 20 million people in 2010, more than 50% of young people, fewer than 20 years.

There are 18 main ethnic groups, some of which consist of several subgroups. Peaceful nature of the Malagasy has a jovial, easy affordability.

Statistics suggest more than 80% of rural population and a literacy rate of about 20%, despite compulsory education of any child fewer than 15 years.


The national currency is the ARIARY(MGA). (1 euro = 3000MGA, 1 USD = 2600 MGA end of January 2015)

Madagascar has one based on agriculture economy. Main crops: rice which is the main meal of Malagasy people. In breeding, it should be noted the importance for the Malagasy zebu.

The processing sector is slowly changing with the creation Industries textiles, food, mining and tourism.

Madagascar exports agricultural products (vanilla beans; clove bud; coffee; cocoa; cinnamon; pepper; various beans and vegetables..), mining (chrome; nickel; cobalt; various precious stones), textiles, garment,  and handicrafts.

Madagascar is the first producing country of Vanilla beans which is the most used flavor ice cream, pastry, soft drink, in the World.

Madagascar is the second world producer of clove.

The majority of the urban population works in the informal sector, and out of control of the state.

Malagasy spices

Madagascar produces a variety of spices, whose qualities are well established.

Malagasy does not much that Asian spice up, his dishes. Very few know the cloves, vanilla, pink pepper and even pepper and cinnamon. By cons, chilli, ginger, turmeric, onion, garlic, and others are part of the culinary heritage of Madagascar. For these products, the demand of the local market is very important, so much so that it's hard to compete with, if not impossible, on the export market.

Vanilla, queen of spices

Madagascar is the largest producer of Vanilla, which provides the best perfume, the most used in the World, in ice cream, pastries, soft drinks and especially fine cuisines.

Introduced in the late 19th century, this culture currently supports more than 100,000 farmers in the region of SAVA, northeast of Madagascar. It also exists in other areas throughout the East Coast of the island, but to a lesser extent.

The annual production of Madagascar Vanilla is 900 to 1500Tonnes, depending on the year.

Trimeta AGROFOOD one of the leading players in the vanilla sector, both on the local market and on the World Market.


Continuously subjected to winds of Alizee, the East Coast of Madagascar is very suitable for growing Clove. Its culture is from southern Vohemar in the SAVA region to northern Manantenina in the ANOSY Region.

Madagascar holds the second place in World production of Clove, after Indonesia, with 12,000 to 15,000 MT annually.

In addition, 1200 to 2500T essential oil Clove Leaf (commonly known as Essence Clove) is produced and exported annually from the Analanjirofo region (literally, Forest of Clove).

Trimeta AGROFOOD is one of the best references on the quality of the Clove, in the Global market.

Black Pepper

Pepper cultivation is practiced on the East Coast and in the extreme Northwestern Madagascar. Although the quality is very much appreciated by importers, harvesting represents only 0.5% of world production. The annual export is less than 1500 T.


Cinnamon grows on the entire east coast of Madagascar. However, the island is exporting an average of 1500-2000 t per year, mostly in the form of chips.

Pink pepper

The cultivation of pink pepper (schinus terebethifolius) grows in the Middle West and Trimeta AGROFOOD works with Farmers Associations of Producers in the Bongolava Region, to promote this spice for export.

Essential Oils

Madagascar is one of major producers of Essential Oils in Africa.

Of these, Essential Oil Clove Leaf (Clove Leaf Oil) is the most important. Madagascar is known for its essential oils of ylang-ylang, Clove bud, Cinnamon, Niaouli, etc.

The essential oils of Geranium, Patchouli, Palma Rosa, Vetiver, of Kaffir Lime, etc. are well known by professionals.

Madagascar is also known for its essential oil of Ravintsara, from a variety of cinnamomum camphora, which is highly sought in aromatherapy (because of absence of camphor). 



Located on the northeast coast of Madagascar.

It is composed of four districts that’s initial in their name (Sambava, Antalaha Vohémar, Andapa).

Area: 23,593 km2; Mean altitude 400m, summit: 2132m

Capital: SAMBAVA


Administrative divisions:

Number of districts: 4

Number of municipalities: 79

Number of Fokontany: 803

Population : 1, 098,603 inhabitants (source SAVA Region)

Rural Population: 931,631- 85%

Urban population: 166 950- 15%

Climate: Tropical wet

Rainfall: 2400 to 2600mm; monthly Maximum: 300mm + in January-March, Mini 100mm in July-August

Temperature: Average 25 ° C. High: 31 ° C in January, Low: 18 ° C in July / August


Main crops: vanilla (869 t), rice (215 000 t), litchi (3920 t), pineapple (7950 t), coffee (7000 t) and Copra

Livestock: cattle (250 000)

Special features / sights

- Masoala National Park

- Marojejy National Park

- National Park South Anjanaharibe

Location:  The area runs along the east coast of Madagascar from Antongil Bay (in the North),  to southern Fénérive - Est which is the capital. Its name, literally, means "The Clove Forest."

Area: 21 930 km ².

Average altitude of between 800 and 900m, with peaks can exceed 1200m.

Capital: Fénérive-est

Administrative Division:

Number of districts: 6

Number of municipalities: 63

Population: 1,042,152 inhabitants (46.56 inhabitants per km2)

Rural population: 88%

Urban population: 12%

Climate: Tropical wet it is the wettest region of Madagascar.

Rainfall: 2400 to 3500mm; monthly Maximum: 450mm + in January-March, Mini 100mm in July and August (4000mm some years)

Temperature: Average 25 ° C. High: 31 ° C in January, Low: 14 ° C in July / August (in height)


Main crops: Clove(7 000t/an); vanilla (69 t), rice (215 000 t), litchi (3920 t), pineapple (7950 t), coffee (7000 t)

Special features / sights:

- National Park North Mananara

- Masoala National Park (part) Nosy Mangabe

- Ste Marie Island

- Beaches

Location: The area runs along the east coast of Madagascar, from the south of Mahanoro to the north of Foulpointe.


 TOAMASINA is its capital.

Area: 22 382 km ².

Administrative divisions:

Number of districts: 7

Number of municipalities: 84

Number of fokotany: 1016

Altitude: average: 600 to 800

Population: 1 717 000 people

Rural population: 80%

Urban population: 10%


Rainfall: 1200 to 1800mm; Maximum: 3000mm some years.

Temperature: Average 24 ° C. High: 28 ° C in January, Low: 18 ° C in July / August (in height)

Rural Economy

Main crops: sugar cane, rice, lychee, coffee, cloves, pepper, vanilla, cinnamon, sugar, tropical fruits (banana, citrus, pineapple, breadfruit, etc.), Food (cassava, corn, etc..)

Various crafts especially basketry.


Oil (refining) metals (cobalt, nickel), packaging (cardboard and metal), candy and rum, Canning, etc..

Tourism and Hospitality

Main port of Madagascar

Special features / sights
- Historic fortress castle of Mahavelona
- Seaside tourism
- Park Ivoloina

Location: The area runs along the east coast of Madagascar, bounded by Antsinanana Region to the north, Anosy Region to the south, the region Amoron'i Mania to northwest and Haute- Matsiatra region to southwest

Area: 20 500Km²; average elevation: 350m. The area is marked on the west by the cliff that separates the highlands of the eastern coastal strip.


Administrative divisions:

6 districts

64 municipalities

Population : 170,000 inhabitants

 Rural population: 85%

                                        Urban population: 15%

Climate: Tropical peri-humid

Average temperature: 23 ° C (26 ° C in January and 19.8 ° C in August)

Rainfall: 2756mm (437mm in 79mm in March and October)

Rural Economy

Fruits (banana, citrus, Annonaceae, etc.) Coffee, pepper, cloves, ginger, sugar cane, food crops (rice, cassava, potato)

Precious stones (Emerald)

Special features / sights
- Train connecting Manakara to Fianarantsoa (in the Highlands)
- Ranomafana National Park,
- Ecotourism
-Tourism resort

Location: The region along the Indian Ocean, with the Vatovavy Fitovinany north Anosy in the south and Ihorombe in the west.


Area: 18 863 km ²


Population:  1001582 peoples
Over 85% of rural population

Climate: Tropical humid
            Rainfall: 1400mm to 1750mm on average but can reach 2500mm
            Temperature: 20 ° C on average, ranging from 15 ° C to 29 ° C

Rural Economy: Food crops (rice, cassava)
Cash crop (pepper, cloves, cinnamon, coffee) tropical fruits,

Special features / sights
- Special Reserve Manombo 27 km from Farafangana.
- The National Park South Midongy

Location:  on the 1st National Road, at 150 km west of Antananarivo, bounded by the Betsiboka Region in the north, Analamanga in the northeast , Itasy in the southeast, Menabe in the southwest, and Melaky in the northwest.

Area: 16 688 km ².

. Average altitude: 900m

Vegetation:  grassland and gallery forests.

2 districts
26 municipalities
313 Fokotany


Population 350,000 inhabitants

Dry tropical with two distinct seasons, rainy from November to April and dry from May to October.
Rainfall: 1495mm
Temperature: 13-28 ° C, average: 20 ° C
Rural Economy
Breeding area especially cattle.
Important production of Rice and maize
Significant production of cassava.
Development of the culture of Pink Pepper, turmeric, chili, and ginger.
Tropical fruits

Special features / sights
-The largest cattle market in Madagascar at Tsiroanomandidy
-Between Antananarivo to Tsiroanomanidy:

  • Itasy lake
  • The geyser
  • Village of Ampefy and fall of the Lily



Copyright 2013 TRIMETA Agro Food. © - By Ibonia